November Birthstone: Citrine Properties & History

November 04 2017

citrine november birthstone

Carrying the power of the sun, citrine is warm and comforting, energizing and life giving. It clears the mind and stirs the soul to action, with its frequency awakening creativity and imagination. Natural citrine does not hold or accumulate negative energy, but rather dissipates and grounds it, transforming negative thoughts and feelings into positive ones.

It's a stone of abundance, attracting wealth and prosperity and encouraging generosity. As a professional support stone, citrine improves productivity and is a fortifying crystal for medical personnel and healers.


Brazil is the largest supplier of citrine, and different geographies yield different shades of citrine.

A key discovery in the 18th century gave citrine a boost in popularity, when mineralogists realized that amethyst and smoky quartz could be heat treated to produce lemony and golden honey hues of citrine, contributing to an abundance of affordable enhanced gems on the market. Natural citrine is now very rare.


The name comes from the French word citron, meaning lemon, and was used to refer to yellow gems as early as 1385. However, since the gem’s color closely resembled topaz, these two November birthstones have shared a history of mistaken identities.

From the earliest of times, citrine was called the "sun stone" and the gemstone was thought capable of holding sunlight and useful in the protection from snakebites. Its color was associated with gold and it became known as the “merchant's stone”, thought to improve communication and to attract wealth. To the Romans, it was the stone of Mercury, the messenger god, and was used for carving intaglios.


Citrine and topaz are both modern November birthstones, however topaz and pearl were the traditional birthstones for this month.

The concept of associating a gemstone with each month of the year is an ancient practice, believed to trace back to the Bible with the breastplate of Aaron, a religious garment set with twelve gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel. Later, writings in the 1st century linked the 12 stones in the Breastplate and the 12 signs of the zodiac. The idea was proposed that each of the gemstones had special powers associated with the corresponding astrological sign, and that wearing these stones at the right time would have therapeutic or talismanic benefits.

The concept of each person always wearing a gemstone corresponding to the month of their birth is a modern one that scholars trace to 18th century Poland, with the arrival of Jewish gem traders to the region. Yet the modern list of birthstones was not defined until 1912, by the National Association of Jewelers in the USA.

Information sources: 1 / 2 / 3 / 4

 november citrine birthstone necklace

Many cultures have their own list of birthstones and legends associated with each. My fascination with historical traditions such as this inspired me to make a birthstone collection of my own. Available in both yellow bronze and white bronze with a choice of chain lengths, I designed this necklace to be an everyday wardrobe staple, personal for each woman who wears it.

You can shop my birthstone collection here.


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